Intro

About

In this first stage, the catalogue focuses on the modern and contemporary architecture designed and built between 1832 –year of construction of the first industrial chimney in Barcelona that we establish as the beginning of modernity– until today.

The project is born to make the architecture more accessible both to professionals and to the citizens through a website that is going to be updated and extended. Contemporary works of greater general interest will be incorporated, always with a necessary historical perspective, while gradually adding works from our past, with the ambitious objective of understanding a greater documented period.

The collection feeds from multiple sources, mainly from the generosity of architectural and photographic studios, as well as the large amount of excellent historical and reference editorial projects, such as architectural guides, magazines, monographs and other publications. It also takes into consideration all the reference sources from the various branches and associated entities with the COAC and other collaborating entities related to the architectural and design fields, in its maximum spectrum.

Special mention should be made of the incorporation of vast documentation from the COAC Historical Archive which, thanks to its documental richness, provides a large amount of valuable –and in some cases unpublished– graphic documentation.

The rigour and criteria for selection of the works has been stablished by a Documental Commission, formed by the COAC’s Culture Spokesperson, the director of the COAC Historical Archive, the directors of the COAC Digital Archive, and professionals and other external experts from all the territorial sections that look after to offer a transversal view of the current and past architectural landscape around the territory.

The determination of this project is to become the largest digital collection about Catalan architecture; a key tool of exemplar information and documentation about architecture, which turns into a local and international referent, for the way to explain and show the architectural heritage of a territory.

Aureli Mora i Omar Ornaque
Directors arquitecturacatalana.cat

credits

About us

Project by:

Created by:

Directors:

2019-2024 Aureli Mora i Omar Ornaque

Documental Commission:

2019-2024 Ramon Faura Carolina B. Garcia Eduard Callís Francesc Rafat Pau Albert Antoni López Daufí Joan Falgueras Mercè Bosch Jaume Farreny Anton Pàmies Juan Manuel Zaguirre Josep Ferrando Fernando Marzá Moisés Puente Aureli Mora Omar Ornaque

Collaborators:

2019-2024 Lluis Andreu Sergi Ballester Maria Jesús Quintero Lucía M. Villodres

External Collaborators:

2019-2024 Helena Cepeda Inès Martinel

With the support of:

Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultura

Collaborating Entities:

ArquinFAD

 

Fundació Mies van der Rohe

 

Fundación DOCOMOMO Ibérico

 

Basílica de la Sagrada Família

 

Museu del Disseny de Barcelona

 

Fomento

 

AMB

 

EINA Centre Universitari de Disseny i Art de Barcelona

 

IEFC

 

Fundació Domènench Montaner.

Design & Development:

edittio Nubilum
Suggestions

Suggestion box

Request the image

We kindly invite you to help us improve the dissemination of Catalan architecture through this space. Here you can propose works and provide or amend information on authors, photographers and their work, along with adding comments. The Documentary Commission will analyze all data. Please do only fill in the fields you deem necessary to add or amend the information.

The Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya is one of the most important documentation centers in Europe, which houses the professional collections of more than 180 architects whose work is fundamental to understanding the history of Catalan architecture. By filling this form, you can request digital copies of the documents for which the Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya manages the exploitation of the author's rights, as well as those in the public domain. Once the application has been made, the Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya will send you an approximate budget, which varies in terms of each use and purpose.

Detail:

* If the memory has known authorship or rights, cite them in the field above 'Comments' .

Remove * If the photographs has known authorship or rights, cite them in the field above 'Comments'.
You can attach up to 5 files of up to 10 MB each.

Informació bàsica de protecció de dades

Responsable del tractament: Col·legi d Arquitectes de Catalunya 'COAC'
Finalitat del tractament: Tramitar la sol·licitud de còpies digitals dels documents dels quals l’Arxiu Històric del COAC gestiona els drets d'explotació dels autors, a més d'aquells que es trobin en domini públic.
Legitimació del tractament: El seu consentiment per tractar les seves dades personals.
Destinatari de cessions o transferències: El COAC no realitza cessions o transferències internacionals de dades personals.
Drets de les persones interessades: Accedir, rectificar i suprimir les seves dades, així com, l’exercici d’altres drets conforme a l’establert a la informació addicional.
Informació addicional: Pot consultar la informació addicional i detallada sobre protecció de dades en aquest enllaç

Memory

Three metre-wide canal which about sixty metres long. It is in the open air, through which a sheet of clear water passes. The box is flat and is built with solid brick. When it passes under the mine house it is channeled, with a semicircular vault of two rows of solid brick. The arrow is 2.2 m. The access is barred by a wrought iron bar grid, which incorporates a locked door. At the mouth of the outlet there is a tombstone, in very poor condition, which cites the purpose for which these waters were intended, as well as the date of construction. There is a second illegible inscription quoting the date 1822. On each side of the headstone there is a rail of iron pipes, which had formerly been balusters. Above the headstone there is a circular pediment. Just above the canal, and about 10 metres from the mouth, we find La Mina House. This small building has the following dimensions: 11 m of main façade and 8.5 m of depth. It consists of a ground-floor body, with a gable roof of Arabic tiles, where the access door is, and another two-storey building, which was been extended with a third floor during the last renovation (1993). The façade of the first body is symmetrical, with a thin arched portal and two windows, one on each side, with the corresponding wrought iron grille. Above the door there is a shield which says "JUNTA DIRECTIVA DE AGUAS DE LA ACEQUIA CONDAL Y SUS MINAS. BARCELONA". The top consists of a powerful cornice following the slope of the exposed brick roof. The other body has a plinth, one window per floor, offset from the axis of symmetry, framed with exposed brick and a segmental arch. The corners are also made of exposed brick imitating ashlar. The third floor has a light wood and glass enclosure and a large sheet metal overhang.

The activity centre has been built behind this building, with a usable terrace. From this building you can see and access the mine through the underground floor, which is illuminated.


During the Roman period, the city of Barcelona was supplied with water by means of three aqueducts, one of which took the waters of the Besòs through a dam and followed the layout of the later Rec Comtal, except for its final part, which in height entered the city through the Roman tower of the Archdeacon's house. Used during the High and Low Empire, it fell into decline in the 8th and 9th centuries, when it was replaced by other forms of collection and supply.

Throughout the early years of the Middle Ages, the old water conduit systems remained abandoned and were often considered as just another element of the landscape. On the other hand, the county initiative on the process of irrigating land that was carried out by the farming communities throughout the 9th and 10th centuries was almost non-existent.

Although the rec comtal does not appear in the documentation until the end of the 11th century (1075), this canal was already known and used before the year 1000. The aim of the works of Count Mir (954-966) in restoring the ancient Roman water supply channels in the city was, above all, the development of milling and other artisanal activities that developed in the plan of Barcelona.

Initially, the river took the waters of the Besòs through a lock made of stones and logs. In 1457 it was decided to build a more solid one made of mortar.

The economic and even political importance of irrigation has been evident since the beginning of the Middle Ages, and the control of the Counts of Barcelona over its waters and their uses was consolidated throughout the period feudal.

During the Middle Ages, El Rec was part of the royal heritage and was administered by the mayor. From the 14th century onwards, the figure of water marshal and administrator of the royal mills of the city and territory of Barcelona appears. These positions, however, were abolished by the Nova Planta Decrees of 1714 and their functions came to depend on the intendant.

The continuous droughts that reduced the supply flows in the city of Barcelona caused, since the Middle Ages, different attempts to use the irrigation system for the supply of drinking water in the city. Finally, in 1704, part of its flow was diverted to Barcelona, in order to feed the public fountains.

In 1778, during the reign of Charles III, it was decided to take advantage of the subalpine waters of the Besòs by opening galleries under the riverbed and setting up the Mina de Montcada, which with a length of 1430 metres, 2 in width and 2 in height ended in the Reixagó or La Mina House. However, the construction of this new complex was promoted by private initiative, under the direction of the Royal Intendant (Juan Felipe de Castaños). To control the works, a board was created made up of representatives of Real Patrimoni, Barcelona City Council and the owners of mills and irrigated land that used their water. The project was in charge of the engineer Josep Subirats and architects Joan Soler and Josep Mas i Vila.

The new construction was crowned by a tombstone with the following legend "with the object of permanent supply, with notable utility of the public at the expense of the Royal Erafio of the City of Barcelona, and of those interested, mills and land irrigation in the reign of His Majesty Carlos III, designed and built by the illustrious intendant Baron de la Linde".

The mine was subject to several extensions: 1822 (Liberal Triennium) where the Royal Heritage did not participate in the expenses, 1836, 1839, etc. In 1839, according to a document from the Cultural Foundation, a tombstone (today illegible) was placed with the following legend: "At the expense of the excellent City Council of the City of Barcelona, of the irrigating owners who have the right to the use of the waters of this mine, and of the owners and participants of the mill, except the Real Patrimonio, 144 rods were built in 1822, and in 1838 and 1839, 333 rods in total".

The mine, a construction made of masonry on the walls and brick on the vault, had two main branches, one started in the Ripoll river, and the other, the most important one, in the Besòs, in front of the Bonet Tower, and crossed Montcada through the underground to Reixagó. Along its route, a series of log wells connected the tunnel to the surface. At this point the water was separated between the Barcelona City Council and the irrigators and owners of the mills.

In 1825, the low mine was built, consisting of 10 kilometres in length, which originated in the Reixagó, headed towards Barcelona, passed through the right side of the Eixample and ended in El Repartirador de Jesús, from where it was distributed in the lower part of the city (Canaletes, Portal de l'Àngel, Porta Ferrissa, etc.).

In the 19th century, and as a result of the prolonged droughts that reduced the flow of the Rec, and caused serious harm to the population, the Barcelona City Council built, near the Besòs, a plant for capturing and treating underground flows. This is the group of buildings of the Montcada wells, built in 1879 according to a project by Barcelona's municipal architect Antoni Rovira i Trias.

Source: Inventari del Patrimoni Arquitectònic de Catalunya (IPAC)

Authors

How to get there

On the Map

Awarded
Cataloged
Disappeared
All works

Constellation

Bústia suggeriments

Ajuda’ns a millorar el web i el seu contingut. Proposa’ns obres, aporta o esmena informació sobre obres, autors i fotògrafs, o comenta’ns el què penses. Participa!