In this first stage, the catalogue focuses on the modern and contemporary architecture designed and built between 1832 –year of construction of the first industrial chimney in Barcelona that we establish as the beginning of modernity– until today.
The project is born to make the architecture more accessible both to professionals and to the citizens through a website that is going to be updated and extended. Contemporary works of greater general interest will be incorporated, always with a necessary historical perspective, while gradually adding works from our past, with the ambitious objective of understanding a greater documented period.
The collection feeds from multiple sources, mainly from the generosity of architectural and photographic studios, as well as the large amount of excellent historical and reference editorial projects, such as architectural guides, magazines, monographs and other publications. It also takes into consideration all the reference sources from the various branches and associated entities with the COAC and other collaborating entities related to the architectural and design fields, in its maximum spectrum.
Special mention should be made of the incorporation of vast documentation from the COAC Historical Archive which, thanks to its documental richness, provides a large amount of valuable –and in some cases unpublished– graphic documentation.
The rigour and criteria for selection of the works has been stablished by a Documental Commission, formed by the COAC’s Culture Spokesperson, the director of the COAC Historical Archive, the directors of the COAC Digital Archive, and professionals and other external experts from all the territorial sections that look after to offer a transversal view of the current and past architectural landscape around the territory.
The determination of this project is to become the largest digital collection about Catalan architecture; a key tool of exemplar information and documentation about architecture, which turns into a local and international referent, for the way to explain and show the architectural heritage of a territory.
We kindly invite you to help us improve the dissemination of Catalan architecture through this space. Here you can propose works and provide or amend information on authors, photographers and their work, along with adding comments. The Documentary Commission will analyze all data. Please do only fill in the fields you deem necessary to add or amend the information.
The Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya is one of the most important documentation centers in Europe, which houses the professional collections of more than 180 architects whose work is fundamental to understanding the history of Catalan architecture. By filling this form, you can request digital copies of the documents for which the Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya manages the exploitation of the author's rights, as well as those in the public domain. Once the application has been made, the Arxiu Històric del Col·legi d'Arquitectes de Catalunya will send you an approximate budget, which varies in terms of each use and purpose.
Reventós echoes the hygienist and rationalist ideas regarding social housing that focused architectural debates in Central Europe in the 1920s. In the Masana house, he decided to place the stairs on the side of the façade so that they protrude from the plan and favour the entry of light and air in these areas. He also chooses to remove the closed inner courtyards and to make the same courtyard of the block of houses penetrate the building. The exterior shows a clear mastery of pure forms and their articulation, with a first order on the ground floor marked by a slight cornice, and the crowning of the façade with brickwork. Reventós built for the same owner the neighbouring building on Tamarit Street, where he establishes a U-shaped layout around a courtyard directly connected to the interior patio. The beveled and glazed volumes of the staircase contrast with the windows - of two types - in the houses, closed with shutters and without frames.
Located in Sants-Montjuïc district, this group of apartments is located in the southern corner of the block of houses bounded by Lleida, de l'Olivera, de la Font Honrada and Tamarit Streets. It is a group of nine residential buildings between partitions with an access portal each.
Rectangular in plan and with two floors per landing, the vertical structure of each of these buildings includes a ground floor, a mezzanine, four floors, an attic and a passable roof. All in all, these buildings stand out for being the first documented example of Barcelona's Expressionist architecture.
Each of the homes has the same compositional characteristics, giving rise to a unitary ensemble. The ground floor, completely covered with limestone slabs, opens its shops to the street through large portals topped by lintels. On the other hand, the gates that give access to the homes are framed by a kind of archivolt with a lintel that makes them deeper. The mezzanine floor is also covered with stone and topped by a colourful cornice. The rest of the plants are covered with reddish mortars that originally housed sgraffito decoration in green based on borders and geometric shapes (as can be seen in the examples preserved along De l'Olivera Street). The main characteristic of these buildings is the widespread use of rectangular windows (with the exception of some balconies on De l'Olivera Street) and, above all, the resource of placing the neighbour's staircase in visible triangular glazed tribunes from the street. The attic is finished with exposed red brick work, marking a horizontal composition that counteracts the verticality of the stands.
This group of houses owned by Josep Masana was designed by the architect Ramon Reventós i Farrarons in 1928, coinciding with the redevelopment process that that part of Poble Sec would experience following the celebration of the 1929 International Exhibition. The importance of this work lies in the use, for the first time in Catalonia, of a formal expressionist language, inspired by Central European experiences in the field of mass housing. It was built in several phases between 1929 and 1930. This work connects with the European expressionist rationalism of socialist ideology, especially with the "Hofs" of mass housing in Austria and the South of Germany.
Ramón Reventós, despite being a little-known architect, played an important role in the construction of the International Exhibition of 1929 with works such as the Venetian Towers of Maria Cristina Avenue, the Grec Theatre, the Montjuïc Funicular, the Poble Espanyol or the Miramar Hotel. In addition, he is the author of Florida Hotel at the top of Tibidabo. His work is mostly noucentista.
Set Casa Josep Masana