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In this first stage, the catalogue focuses on the modern and contemporary architecture designed and built between 1832 –year of construction of the first industrial chimney in Barcelona that we establish as the beginning of modernity– until today.

The project is born to make the architecture more accessible both to professionals and to the citizens through a website that is going to be updated and extended. Contemporary works of greater general interest will be incorporated, always with a necessary historical perspective, while gradually adding works from our past, with the ambitious objective of understanding a greater documented period.

The collection feeds from multiple sources, mainly from the generosity of architectural and photographic studios, as well as the large amount of excellent historical and reference editorial projects, such as architectural guides, magazines, monographs and other publications. It also takes into consideration all the reference sources from the various branches and associated entities with the COAC and other collaborating entities related to the architectural and design fields, in its maximum spectrum.

Special mention should be made of the incorporation of vast documentation from the COAC Historical Archive which, thanks to its documental richness, provides a large amount of valuable –and in some cases unpublished– graphic documentation.

The rigour and criteria for selection of the works has been stablished by a Documental Commission, formed by the COAC’s Culture Spokesperson, the director of the COAC Historical Archive, the directors of the COAC Digital Archive, and professionals and other external experts from all the territorial sections that look after to offer a transversal view of the current and past architectural landscape around the territory.

The determination of this project is to become the largest digital collection about Catalan architecture; a key tool of exemplar information and documentation about architecture, which turns into a local and international referent, for the way to explain and show the architectural heritage of a territory.

Aureli Mora i Omar Ornaque
Directors arquitecturacatalana.cat

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Architects' Association of Catalonia:

Àrea de Cultura

Directors:

2019-2022 Aureli Mora i Omar Ornaque

Documental Commission:

2019-2022 Ramon Faura Carolina B. Garcia Francesc Rafat Antoni López Daufí Joan Falgueras Anton Pàmies Mercè Bosch Josep Ferrando Fernando Marzá Aureli Mora Omar Ornaque

External Collaborators:

2019-2022 Lluis Andreu Sergi Ballester Maria Jesús Quintero

With the support of:

Generalitat de Catalunya Departament de Cultura

Collaborating Entities:

ArquinFAD

 

Fundació Mies van der Rohe

 

Fundación DOCOMOMO Ibérico

Design & Development:

Nubilum Edittio
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Memory

Josep Maria Bocabella i Verdaguer founded the Spiritual Association of Devotees of Saint Joseph in 1866, at a time when the phenomenon of de-Christianisation was being driven by the Industrial Revolution and social change. From 1874 onwards, the association considered the construction of a new expiatory temple, following the trend of other religious associations that were erecting temples in Europe, such as those in Rome (Sacro Cuore de Gesù, 1870) or Paris (Basilica of the Sacred Court of Montmatre, 1873). The temple was to be a copy of the Basilica of Loreto (Marche, Italy), including a reproduction of the Holy House of Nazareth, which is where the Holy Family lived and to whom the Temple is dedicated. To build such a monumental work, the association commissioned the project from the diocesan architect Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano. The renowned architect does not agree to make a copy of an existing project and carries out a neo-Gothic style with a Latin cross project with considerable dimensions (44x97m), a large dome above the transept and a tower above the main façade, with heights of 80 and 100 metres respectively. These dimensions show us that it was not a conventional church, as the project surpassed the cathedral of Barcelona itself in terms of height, where the current subsequent dome only reaches 70 meters. On March 19, 1882, Saint Joseph's day, the patron saint of the association, work began on the crypt and at the beginning of the following year, when the walls were halfway up, discrepancies arose over the construction system. The Josephine association wanted to execute it in a more economical way, which eventually led to Villar's resignation.

Author: Fundació Junta Constructora del Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família

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Cronology

  1. Sagrada Família Expiatory Temple

    Francesc de Paula del Villar i Lozano

    Sagrada Família Expiatory Temple

    Josep Maria Bocabella i Verdaguer founded the Spiritual Association of Devotees of Saint Joseph in 1866, at a time when the phenomenon of de-Christianisation was being driven by the Industrial Revolution and social change. From 1874 onwards, the association considered the construction of a new expiatory temple, following the trend of other religious associations that were erecting temples in Europe, such as those in Rome (Sacro Cuore de Gesù, 1870) or Paris (Basilica of the Sacred Court of Montmatre, 1873). The temple was to be a copy of the Basilica of Loreto (Marche, Italy), including a reproduction of the Holy House of Nazareth, which is where the Holy Family lived and to whom the Temple is dedicated. To build such a monumental work, the association commissioned the project from the diocesan architect Francisco de Paula del Villar y Lozano. The renowned architect does not agree to make a copy of an existing project and carries out a neo-Gothic style with a Latin cross project with considerable dimensions (44x97m), a large dome above the transept and a tower above the main façade, with heights of 80 and 100 metres respectively. These dimensions show us that it was not a conventional church, as the project surpassed the cathedral of Barcelona itself in terms of height, where the current subsequent dome only reaches 70 meters. On March 19, 1882, Saint Joseph's day, the patron saint of the association, work began on the crypt and at the beginning of the following year, when the walls were halfway up, discrepancies arose over the construction system. The Josephine association wanted to execute it in a more economical way, which eventually led to Villar's resignation.
  2. Sagrada Família Expiatory Temple

    Antoni Gaudí i Cornet

    Sagrada Família Expiatory Temple

    THE TEMPLE’S BEGINNINGS AND GAUDÍ’S PROJECT After the resignation of Villar, Joan Martorell, who advised the Josefina Association and was one of the most prestigious architects of the time, proposed Antoni Gaudí as a continuation of the works begun. At the time, Gaudí was a young architect, with 31 years of age, and he accepted the position of managing director on November 3, 1883. Gaudí continued the works designed by Villar and, as he gained prestige as an architect - and at the same time the confidence of the Josephine association -, he gradually transformed the initial project to the point of reaching a large, monumental temple around 1890. The new conception of the building is no longer limited to a typical Latin cross church. It increases the scale and projects a main body of five naves with a transept of three, and a monumental façade at each end, dedicated to the Nativity - east transept -, the Passion - west transept - and the Glory, located at the foot of the main nave. To join the three façades, there is a perimeter cloister, which surrounds the nave and the surrounding island, with a building on each corner dedicated to sacristies, a baptistery and a chapel of the Sacrament and Penance. The new building has a great symbolic value as a manifestation of the Christian faith - which is inseparable from art and architecture - and gains in verticality. The three façades contain four towers each, about 100 metres high, dedicated to the twelve apostles. In the centre of the transept is a large dome, consisting of six towers even taller than the previous ones, dedicated to the Virgin Mary - on the apse -, the four Evangelists - one on each corner of the transept - and the large central tower of Jesus Christ, about 170 feet. Gaudí devoted the rest of his life to the design and construction of the Temple, and exclusively from 1914, when he ceased his professional activity outside the Sagrada Família. During Gaudí’s lifetime, the crypt, the façade of the apse and much of the Nativity Façade were built.
  3. Continuation of Work on the Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family / Sagrada Família

    Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, Domènec Sugrañes Gras

    Continuation of Work on the Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family / Sagrada Família

    After Gaudí’s death, the architect Domènec Sugrañes oversaw the direction of the works. He was Gaudí’s main collaborator at the time and he directed the works on the Façade of the Nativity - of which Gaudí had only seen a bell tower completely finished - which were completed before the outbreak of the Civil War. Mentally affected by the destruction of the Sagrada Familia workshop at the beginning of the Civil War, Sugrañes passed away in 1938.
  4. Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, Francesc de Paula Quintana Vidal

    Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    After the end of the war, Francesc de Paula Quintana, who had been Gaudí’s assistant architect, and later Sugrañes, took over the position of chief architect. Once the war was over, the new Temple board focused on the restoration of the affected areas (crypt, lower part of the apse and the Nativity Facade and the schools) and the recovery of Gaudí's workshop and project, collecting photographs and plans - published before the fire in Gaudí's biographies and books on the Sagrada Família - and recovering the plaster models damaged during the war, generated by very precise geometries. The construction of the Façade of the Passion began in 1954, which Gaudí described in a very detailed elevation plan, and which he had explained to his disciples. In the transept of the Passion, Quintana he erected the double-turn column dedicated to the diocese of Barcelona, following the geometric procedure devised by Gaudí, which was the first column inside the temple and served as a model for the rest.
  5. Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Lluís Bonet i Garí, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet, Isidre Puig Boada

    Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    The architects Isidre Puig Boada and Lluis Bonet i Garí, who had regularly visited Gaudí in the last stage of his life and had worked on the development of the work under the direction of Francesc de Paula Quintana, became the successors after the death of the latter. At this stage, the architectural part of the Façade of the Passion is completed, except for the upper porch, and a large part of the documentation and models that will allow the continuation of the works is collected and studied.
  6. Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Francesc de Paula Cardoner i Blanch, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet

    Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Francesc de Paula Cardoner i Blanch, who had worked under the orders of Puig Boada and Bonet Garí on the construction of the Façade of the Passion, became the principal architect between 1983 and 1985. Under his direction, the construction of the windows in the sides of the naves began. In addition to construction, Cardoner devoted many years of his life to the study of the original models of the project -including previous versions of the project that Gaudí ruled out-, establishing an important classification of the pieces that have later served the generations to deepen the knowledge of the project.
  7. Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Jordi Bonet i Armengol, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet

    Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Jordi Bonet i Armengol was appointed chief architect in 1985. The work focuses on the detailed study and construction of the interior space of the temple (main nave, transept, apse and crossing), applying the defined procedures and geometries done in detail by Gaudí in the 1:10 scale plaster models. At this stage, the geometry and proportions that govern the original models are studied in detail, and 3D computer modeling is introduced for the development of the project and the production of stone pieces. In the construction field, the Catalan vault is introduced for the vaults of the central nave’s interior, following the generators of the regulated geometry, and the incorporation of Venetian glass in accordance with the symbolism. The interior of the basilica, which is dedicated to the Holy Father Benedict XVI on November 7, will be closed in 2010. In the same year, the Temple of the Sagrada Família’s nave done by Antoni Gaudí was awarded the Ciutat de Barcelona prize in the category of architecture and urbanism. Under his direction, Josep Maria Subirachs was in charge of the execution of the sculptural ensemble of the Façade of the Passion and the stained glass windows of the naves by the artist Joan Vila-Grau. Once the naves were finished, the work focused on the construction of the Sacristy, which, according to Gaudí, would become the model the towers of the central dome would follow.
  8. Sculptural Elements for the Sagrada Família Expiatory Temple

    Josep Maria Subirachs i Sitjar

    Sculptural Elements for the Sagrada Família Expiatory Temple

    Among the works of art, we can highlight the Façade of the Passion’s sculptural ensemble, made by Josep Maria Subirachs and declared BCIN in the category of Historic Monument in 2019, together with the rest of his work in the Temple. In 1986, Josep Maria Subirachs i Sitjar was commissioned to create the sculptural program for the Façade of the Passion. The sculpture of Subirachs was to express the rawness of the Passion and Christ’s Death, in line with the naked and angular architecture designed by Gaudí on this façade, and in contrast to that of the Nativity. Subirachs developed the sculptural ensemble of the façade located in the porch - including the bronze doors with the Gospels - and the sculptures of the four apostles located in the bell towers up until 2005. The artist's work is completed with the seven bronze doors on the façade of the Glory -with the full text and the seven requests of the Our Father-, the Saint George inside the basilica, and Gaudí’s bust, made until 2011.
  9. Premi Ciutat de Barcelona

    Award-Winner / Winner. Category: Architecture and Urbanism

    Premi Ciutat de Barcelona

    Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple

    Jordi Bonet i Armengol, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet

  10. Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple following Gaudí's Project

    Jordi Faulí, Antoni Gaudí i Cornet

    Continuation of Work on the Sagrada Familia Expiatory Temple following Gaudí's Project

    Jordi Faulí i Oller has been working as an assistant architect under the direction of Jordi Bonet and has been its managing director since 2012. The construction of the Sacristy is continued, defined by large parabolic surfaces according to the original plaster model, and the concepts defined by Gaudí in the project of the six towers that form the central dome, 138 metres high located on the apse and dedicated to the Virgin, are applied; as well as the four evangelists, 135 metres high, located at the four corners of the transept and the central tower of Jesus Christ, 172.5 metres high. The towers are crowned with the symbols that represent them: the crown and the star in the case of the Virgin Mary, the winged tetramorph in the evangelists, and a large four-armed cross in the tower of Jesus Christ. From a structural and constructive point of view, the stone system is developed to be able to build large towers with reduced thicknesses - and therefore reduced weight. This technique, which consists of inserting stretched stainless steel bars, allows to build towers about 60 meters high with a thickness of solid stone between 50 and 35 centimetres. The system has also facilitated construction with large stone panels, pre-assembled in an external workshop.

Audiovisual

  • Cròniques de Barcelona - La Sagrada Família, l'últim projecte de Gaudí - betevé

    27:42

    Cròniques de Barcelona - La Sagrada Família, l'últim projecte de Gaudí - betevé

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